Facts - Some
Do's and Dont's in Cebu - Cebu Getting
Around - Cebu Past
and Present - Cebu Heritage
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Cebu : Past and Present
As early as the 13th century, Sugbo, how the island of Cebu was called, was already an important crossroad of pre-colonial Southeast Asian trade.
In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan made it a base for the exploration and conquest of the islands. However, his efforts were thwarted when he was killed in a battle on the nearby island of Mactan by its chieftain, Lapu-Lapu, who became the first Philippine hero to repulse foreign domination.
The second wave of Spanish conquistadores led by Miguel Lopez de Legazpi founded their first settlement, Villa San Miguel, on Cebu in 1565. Later, the name was changed to Villa de Santissimo Nombre de Jesus, after an image of the Santo Nino or Boy Jesus found among the ruins of a vanquished native village.
In 1860, the demand for sugar cane, tobacco and hemp paved the way for the opening up of the countryside. And with Cebu's central location in the south, goods entered and exited through its ports. By the mid-19th century, Cebu had caught up with the outside world. Cities thrived with newly-established industries, and suburbs flourished. With the American rule came improved infrastructure, more modern ports and facilities.
Today, Metropolitan Cebu is a 33,000-hectare complex of three cities and six municipalities. Its population of more than a million is a cosmopolitan mix of Filipinos with Chinese, American and European influences. The prevailing dialect is Cebuano or Bisaya, the vernacular, but English and Tagalog are widely spoken.
As in the past, the island province preserves with pride its role as the crossroads of international trade. The recently-expanded and modernized Mactan International Airport services flights from all over the world. Ocean-going vessels dock at the similarly modernized ports.
Accommodations within the city range from the luxury of first-class hotels to comfortable pensions and lodging houses at affordable rates. Resorts provide out-of-town accommodations with adequate facilities for a variety of land and water sports.
On long haul flights I always drink loads and loads of water and eat light and healthy food. Lisa Snowdon
Northern Philippine Cuisine
For festive occasions, people band together and prepare more sophisticated dishes. Tables are often laden with expensive and labor-intensive treats requiring hours of preparation. In Filipino celebrations, lechón (also spelled litson) serves as the centerpiece of the dinner table. It is usually a whole roasted pig, but suckling pigs (lechonillo, or lechon de leche) or cattle calves (lechong baka) can also be prepared in place of the popular adult pig.
More details at Northern Philippine Cuisine